Introduced to the Top End from Africa for pasture, Gamba Grass invades a range of ecosystems but is particularly damaging in the savannah woodlands. Gamba Grass grows to 4 metres in height and forms dense stands that burn at incredibly high intensity – up to 10 times higher than native grasses -destroying the woodlands and riparian vegetation, turning the once diverse landscapes into grassland monocultures. Wildfires are the NT’s biggest contribution to carbon emissions and Gamba fires are increasing this output every year.
Baker P.J., Palmer J.G. and D’Arrigo R. (2008). "The dendrochronology of Callitris intratropica in northern Australia: annual ring structure, chronology development and climate correlations". Australian Journal of Botany 56, 311-320.
|Mangrove||Closed-forests and low closed-forests dominated by mangroves.|
|Beach Scrub||Woodlands, grasslands and herblands on b|